Point-of-care testing

From uroscopy to large-scale automated lab

The history of laboratory medicine 

Ingo Zenger
Published on January 1, 2021

Blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile – 2,400 years ago, Hippocrates of Kos, arguably the best-known physician in history, suspected that bodily fluids influenced our health. With his doctrine of the “humors,” he and his followers paved the way for the systematic study of bodily fluids.


Automatic, large and small

Modernes vollautomatisiertes Großlabor (2013)

Laboratory diagnostics today and tomorrow

Modernes vollautomatisiertes Großlabor (2013) 

Ingo Zenger
Ingo Zenger
By Ingo Zenger

Technology journalist and author at the Siemens Healthineers Historical Institute